doctrine

doctrine, dogma, tenet are synonymous only when they mean a principle (usually one of a series or of a body of principles) accepted as authoritative (as by members of a church, a school of philosophers, or a branch of science).
Doctrine is often used in a much broader sense to denote a formulated theory that is supported by evidence, backed by authority, and proposed for acceptance
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the doctrine of evolution

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Einstein's doctrine of relativity

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In the narrower sense doctrine retains its basic implication of authoritative teaching, but it presupposes acceptance by a body of believers or adherents
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a catechism of Christian doctrines

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a . . . mathematical doctrine of waves which nowadays has almost come to dominate . . . physics— Darrow

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Dogma also stresses authoritative teaching but unlike doctrine it seldom implies proposal for acceptance. A dogma is not advanced as reasonable and worthy of acceptance but laid down as true and beyond dispute
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the dogmas of a church are usually stated in a creed or confession

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in 1870 Pope Pius IX defined the dogma of papal infallibility

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Dogma (or especially its derivative dogmatic) often connotes insistence, sometimes arrogant insistence, on authority or imposition by authority
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the dogma that the king can do no wrong

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Tenet emphasizes acceptance and belief rather than teaching. It is therefore thought of as a principle held or adhered to and implies a body of adherents
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the tenets of modern Socialism are not in every instance identical with the doctrines of Karl Marx

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Analogous words: teaching, instruction (see corresponding verbs at TEACH): *principle, fundamental

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • doctrine — [ dɔktrin ] n. f. • 1160 « enseignement »; lat. doctrina, de docere « enseigner » 1 ♦ Ensemble de notions qu on affirme être vraies et par lesquelles on prétend fournir une interprétation des faits, orienter ou diriger l action humaine. ⇒ dogme,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • doctrine — doc·trine / däk trən/ n: a principle established through judicial decisions compare law, precedent doc·tri·nal / trə nəl/ adj Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster …   Law dictionary

  • doctrine — DOCTRINE. s. f. Savoir, érudition. Grande doctrine. Profonde doctrine. Doctrine consommée. Cet homme a beaucoup de doctrine. Ce livre est plein de doctrine. [b]f♛/b] Il se prend aussi pour Maximes, sentimens, enseignemens. Bonne, saine doctrine.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • doctrine — Doctrine. s. f. Sçavoir, erudition. Grande doctrine. profonde doctrine. doctrine consommée. cet homme a beaucoup de doctrine. ce livre est plein de doctrine. Il se prend aussi pour Maximes, sentiments, enseignements. Bonne, saine doctrine,… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • doctrine — doc trine (d[o^]k tr[i^]n), n. [F. doctrine, L. doctrina, fr. doctor. See {Doctor}.] 1. Teaching; instruction. [1913 Webster] He taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine, Hearken. Mark iv. 2. [1913 Webster] 2. That… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Doctrine — Тип ORM Написана на PHP Операционная система кроссплатформенный Последняя версия 2.2.0 (29 января 2012) Лицензия GNU Lesser General Public License Сайт …   Википедия

  • Doctrine — steht für Doctrine (PHP), Framework zur objektrelationalen Abbildung The Anti Doctrine, deutsche Band Fairness Doctrine, Rundfunkrichtline der USA Doctrine classique, Regeldrama der französischen Klassik Siehe auch Doktrin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • doctrine — [däk′trin] n. [ME < L doctrina < doctor: see DOCTOR] 1. something taught; teachings 2. something taught as the principles or creed of a religion, political party, etc.; tenet or tenets; belief; dogma 3. a rule, theory, or principle of law ☆ …   English World dictionary

  • doctrine — UK US /ˈdɒktrɪn/ noun [C] ► a principle or set of principles that are followed by a particular group or in a particular situation: »The doctrine of continuous quality improvement is being implemented in the health care industry worldwide. »an… …   Financial and business terms

  • doctrine — (n.) late 14c., from O.Fr. doctrine (12c.) teaching, doctrine, and directly from L. doctrina teaching, body of teachings, learning, from doctor teacher (see DOCTOR (Cf. doctor)) …   Etymology dictionary

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